Let's find out the story behind this yummy drumsticks and it's leaves.
Moringa oleifera, commonly referred to simply as "Moringa" (Hindi: सहजन sahjan; Tamil murungai', முருங்கை; Kannada Nuggekai ನುಗ್ಗೆ ಕಾಯಿ; మునగకాయ in Telugu; Marathi Shevaga; Malunggay in Tagalog),Muringakkaya in Malayalam language,the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family Moringaceae. It is an exceptionally nutritious vegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. The tree itself is rather slender, with drooping branches that grow to approximately 10 m in height. In cultivation, it is often cut back annually to 1 meter or less and allowed to regrow so that pods and leaves remain within arm's reach.The "Moringa" tree is grown mainly in semi-arid, tropical, and subtropical areas- While it grows best in dry sandy soil, it tolerates poor soil, including coastal areas. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree that is native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India. It is considered one of the world’s most useful trees, as almost every part of the Moringa tree can be used for food or has some other beneficial property. In the tropics, it is used as forage for livestock, and in many countries, Moringa is used as a micronutrient powder to treat diseases.
The leaves are highly nutritious, being a significant source of beta-carotene, Vitamin C, protein, iron, and potassium.The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. In addition to being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, its leaves are commonly dried and crushed into a powder, and used in soups and sauces. Murungakai, as it is locally known in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, is used in Siddha medicine. Its leaves are full of medicinal properties. The tree is a good source for calcium and phosphorus. In Siddha medicines, these drumstick seeds are used as a sexual virility drug for treating erectile dysfunction in men and also in women for prolonging sexual activity.The Moringa seeds yield 38–40% edible oil (called ben oil from the high concentration of behenic acid contained in the oil). The refined oil is clear, odorless, and resists rancidity at least as well as any other botanical oil. The seed cake remaining after oil extraction may be used as a fertilizer or as a flocculent to purify water.
Sonjna (Moringa oleifera)trunk in Kolkata, West Bengal, India- the bark, sap,roots,seeds,oil and flowers are used in traditional medicine in several countries.In Jamaica the sap is used for producing blue dye. The flowers are also used in cooking and relishing. The tree's bark,roots,fruit,flower,leaves,seeds and gum are also used medically which includes as an antiseptic and treating rheumatism,venomous bite and other conditions.
The leaves are helpful in increasing breast milk in breastfeeding mothers. 0ne tablespoon of leaf powder provides 14% of the calcium,23% of the iron and most of the vitamin A a child needs from the age 1-3.Six tablespoons of the powder will provides nearly all of the women's daily iron and calcium needs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The oil which is known as ben oil is extracted from the flowers and they are used as illuminant,ointment base and absorbent in the enfleurage process of extracting volatile oils from flowers.The oil has been helpful for arthritic pains nad gouty joints